Construction companies of Sri Lanka voice on a prevailing skill shortage of the country. Therefore, the purpose of this review is to investigate the concept of skill shortage, causal factors, and mitigation measures relevant to Sri Lanka construction context using already available secondary data. Recommended steps for a Systematic Literature Review have been followed. Findings show that there are three issues in the industry: shortage of people, skill mismatch and skill deficiency. Mainly there are shortages of people in construction industry of Sri Lanka in the categories of unskilled workers (laborers), craftsmen and construction machine operators and experienced construction professionals. This review identifies sixteen possible causal factors for skill shortage and sixteen mitigation measures. Skill shortages are often seen as a problem of the education system of the country. But this review suggest to have a much broader perspective on the issue of skill shortage and emphasize that there is a serious problem of attracting, training and retaining of people in the construction industry of Sri Lanka. Findings will be instrumental for policy makers, practitioners and also future researchers can use this as a good base for further studies.